The Annunciation of the Virgin, is described in According to the Gospel of Luke Chapter 1: 26-38: as follows:
In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, to a virgin, a man named Joseph, of the house of David, and the name of the virgin Mary. And when the angel came in unto her, he said, Hail, thou that art highly favored, the Lord is with thee. and when I saw him, he was troubled for this reason, and reasoned with him that he should kiss him.
And this angel said, Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. and behold an arrest in the womb and a son, and you called his name Jesus. he shall be great, and the son of the Most High shall be called, and the Lord God shall give him the throne of David his father, and shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
How is that, I know a man? and the angel answered and said, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the powers of the Most High shall overshadow thee, and the Holy Ghost shall be called the Son of God. and, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, and this fellowship of her, in her old age;
And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord, be it unto me according to thy word. and the angel departed from her. "
All Greeks today honor his ancestors, who started the revolution in 1821 against the Turkish yoke, so that today we can live freely in our homeland.
"When we decided to make the Revolution, we did not think, nor how many we are, nor that we do not have chariots, nor that the Turks were building castles and cities, nor did any wise man tell us? "Where are you going here to fight the wheat boat barracks?" But, as a rain, the desire for our Freedom fell on all of us and all of us, the clergy and the laity and the captains and the educated and the merchants, young and old, all agreed on this goal and made the revolution ".
Theodoros Kolokotronis (From his speech in Pnyx on October 8, 1838).
Cod, accompanied by garlic
Lent is the oldest and strictest period of fasting for the Orthodox Church. At the beginning of its establishment, around the 4th century AD, in fact, according to the solitary standards, dry eating was provided, with the faithful eating only once a day and that after 3 in the afternoon.
During the period of Lent, fasting is catalyzed, that is, it is differentiated, three times, giving the faithful an opportunity for empowerment since this fast is the strictest.
The first of these exceptions is on the day of the feast of the Annunciation of the Virgin, as has been established on March 25th. It is a joyous celebration during the period of Lent mourning and because it is a feast of the Mother of God, dedicated to the Virgin Mary and therefore very important, fish, oil and wine are catalyzed.
As for the second day of differentiation of fasting, this is Palm Sunday, which is a Despotic feast, dedicated to the earthly life of Jesus, when the faithful again consume fish, oil and wine.
The catalysis of the oil takes place on Holy Thursday, in memory of the delivery of the sacrament of Holy Communion by Jesus Christ. In fact, on Holy Thursday, the Divine Liturgy of the Great Kingdom is celebrated, which is performed only 10 times a year.
The custom of cod
A traditional dish of the day of the Annunciation, which is now of double importance for Hellenism, as it coincides from 1838 with the celebration of the Revolution of 1821, is the cod and in fact accompanied by the well-known garlic.
The explanation for this tasty habit is quite simple and has to do mainly with the inability of the inhabitants of the hinterland to procure fresh fish directly and economically. Although cod is not a "Greek" fish, as it is found mainly on the shores of the northeastern Atlantic, the fact that it becomes salty makes it a cheap and easy food to maintain.
Cod arrived at the Greek table around the 15th century and was immediately established as the national food of March 25, as with the exception of our islands, fresh fish was a luxury for the poor inhabitants of mainland Greece. Thus, salted cod, which did not need special maintenance, was the easy and cheap solution, a custom that lasts to this day.